PACIFIC NEWS FROM MANOA

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**Celebrating Fifty Years of Pacific Islands Studies, 1950-2000**

No. 1, January-March 2000

CONTENTS

Pacific Studies 2000: Anniversary Events   University and Colleagues Honor Barbara Smith   Tuteao to Teach Maori Classes  Center Awarded FLAS Fellowships  Center Develops Interactive Course with USP and University of Canterbury  News in Brief  Pacific Studies at Victoria University of Wellington  Center Visitors  Occasional Seminars and Readings  Faculty Activities  Students and Alumni  Publications and Videos  Conferences  Bulletin Board 

PACIFIC STUDIES 2000: ANNIVERSARY EVENTS

The center began its fiftieth anniversary year, 2000, with plans for a series of activities designed to showcase Pacific studies. We opened with a presentation by Samoan novelist and poet Sia Figiel, who read from her latest work They Who Do Not Grieve on 29 January. Figiel was on her way to the University of Hawai‘i at Hilo, where the UHM School of Hawai‘ian, Asian & Pacific Studies was sponsoring her as a writer-in-residence with UHH’s Pacific Islands Studies Program during February and March. At the end of March, the center brought Figiel back to Honolulu to take part in the Fa'a Samoa 2000 conference at Leeward Community College.

The center has also started a series of student-faculty get-togethers featuring students talking about their proposed research plans. Fata Simanu-Klutz and her mother Aumua Mataitusi Simanu joined us on 3 March to talk about Fata’s interest in Samoan oratory. Fata is looking at the changes that are taking place as Samoans increasingly make their homes away from Samoa.

To illustrate her talk and to honor the center's fiftieth anniversary, Fata composed a lauga (ceremonial speech), which follows this article in Samoan with an English translation. On 23 March, Keao NeSmith, an MA student and Hawaiian language instructor, talked about his interest in the convergences in Polynesian languages and how this reflects the histories and oral traditions of these cultures.

The center's celebration continues in April as we cosponsor the visit of Maori novelist, poet, and playwright Witi Ihimaera, whose work has influenced and championed Pacific, particularly Maori, literature for the past twenty-five years. He was in Honolulu to give the Joseph Keene Chadwick Memorial Lecture, coordinated by the UHM Department of English.

In May, the center will join with the Center for Hawaiian Studies and the College of Education to present a symposium, Mauri Tu! Mauri Ora! Maori Women Discuss Their Research. The symposium, on 1 May at 6:30 pm at the Center for Hawaiian Studies, will feature Arohia Durie, Linda T Smith, and Huia Jahnke talking about their efforts to decolonize indigenous education and develop Maori approaches to research by Maori people.

A conference on 13-18 November, Pacific 2000: Honoring the Past, Creating the Future, will be the culminating event in this anniversary year. Beginning in August we will hold monthly student-faculty forums on three topics: decolonizing Pacific studies, interdisciplinary approaches, and new technologies and pedagogies. We will expand our discussion of these topics at the conference, inviting speakers from other Pacific studies programs in the region to consider developments in these areas and the future of Pacific studies. Details of the conference will be forthcoming on the center website at http://www.hawaii.edu/cpis.

LAUGA O LE FEILOAIGA

Composed by Luafata Simanu-Klutz

'Ua aofia moli i le futiafu e tasi. 'O lupe foi sa vao'ese'ese a'o lenei ua fuifui fa'atasi. Ua togipa tau i le 'ave i le finagalo o le Atua lenei aso fa'amoemoeina Ua aofia mai le mamalu o malo mai atunu'u 'ese'ese o le Pasefika ma le lalolagi, I le lagi e mama ma le soifua maua, se'i molimauina le fa'amanatuga o le Iupeli Auro o le Nofoaga Tutotonu o Su'esu'ega tau le Pasefika.

Ua taunu'u le fa'amoemoe ona o le agalelei o lo tatou Atua. 'Aisea? Aua sa tatou utuvai i vaipuna o fa'amanuiaga mo le manuia o tagata o le Pasefika. Peita'i, 'ana le finagalo ai le Atua, O se fa'amoemoe lava e faivavale 'Aua o le to'asa o le Atua ma lana pule, o le ma'a togi fa'ato ma le mua e le fuatia.

O Samoa e iai ona taeao e ono o fesilafaiga a tamalii o le atunuu E tolu taeao fa'aleaganu'u e pei o le taeao na i Saua; O le taeao na i Samana; Ma le Aso na i Namo E tolu fo'i taeao o le Tala Lelei O taeao ia o le Tala lelei ua fealofani ai le lalolagi 'ae maise tagata o le Pasefika. O le taeao na i Matniufeagaimaleata; le taeao na i Faleu ma Utuagiagi O le taeao foi na i Malaeola ma Gafoaga A o le taeao sili lava o le taeao lenei o le faamanatuga o le 50 tausaga o le Nofoaga Tutotonu o Suesuega tau le Pasefika Tatou fa'aigoa ia lenei taeao, o le Taeao o le Center for Pacific Islands Studies.

A'o pa'ia o lenei aofia Lau Afioga Robert Kiste; lau Tofa Vili, o le pule o le Tausama'aga, Lo'u Faufautua, Afioga Terence Wesley-Smith; Le To'alua o Poutu, Susuga Tisha Hickson ma le Susuga Linley Chapman, 'Ae maise Ma'ave o le Aualuma, o Vai ma Joanie Fa'amlo i le tofa mamao ma le fa'autaga loloto Fa'amalo galue punoua'i mo le manuia o le Pasefika, Ua fa'atuina ai lenei sauniga matagofie, ua mafua ai ona aofia mai le mamalu o malo ma le Iunivesite o Hawai‘i.

Tau ina ia manuia fuafuaga o lenei fa'amoemoe A i ai se taimi tatou te ta'ape ai, tatou tete'a i le Mavaega a le Manusamoa O manu na, o manu nei; O manu tatou te tete'a ai O manu foi tatou te toe feiloa'i ai i le isi 50 tausaga Soifua.

 

INTRODUCTION (English Translation)

Seeds cascading down a waterfall ather at the calm of the pool below Birds of different bushes now fly in unison Like the seeds and the birds, 'Tis God's will that this day hoped for--a celebration of diversity under clear skies and in good health; and upon the common ground that is the Pacific. We witness the celebration of the Golden Jubilee of the Center for Pacific Studies

THANKSGIVING

This hoped-for event has arrived through God's generosity. Why? Because we have been drinking at the spring of blessings for the good of the people of the Pacific, and if I may add, the whole world. It is God's will, without which this day would not have been possible, for God's power is a rock disappearing in an abyss, it is immeasurable like the disappearing distance of the winning ‘ti’a’ (javelin) in the contest.

MORNINGS OR HISTORY

Samoa has six TAEAO* when kings and chiefs of the nation met and performed miracles.

In order, there are three customary taeao:

The TAEAO at Saua; TAEAO at Samana And the Day at Namo.

There are also three TAEAO of the GOOD STORY, which has provided peace and love on earth, especially among the people of the Pacific.

This is the TAEAO at Mataniufeagaimaleata. The TAEAO at Faleu and Utuagiagi. And the TAEAO at Malaeola and Gafoaga.

Most importantly is this TAEAO on which we celebrate your fiftieth anniversary.

Let us name this the TAEAO O LE NOFOAGA OGATOTONU O SUESUEGA O LE PASEFIKA--THE MORNING FOR THE CENTER OF PACIFIC ISLANDS STUDIES

SACRED GENEALOGIES AND PURPOSE OF DAY

We acknowledge your sanctity High Chief, Robert Kiste; Talking Chief, Orator Vilsoni Hereniko; Great Advisor, Afioga Terence Wesley-Smith; Two Pillars Tisha Hickson and Linley Chapman And the gentle ladies of the office, Vi and Joanie Our appreciation for your great vision (tofa mamao) and the depth of your respect and love (faautaga loloto) We appreciate your sensitivity and patience; We marvel at your resilience and hard work for the people of the Pacific We thank you for this occasion which has brought together the world, especially the chiefs and orators of the great Ocean, the various guests, and the University of Hawai'i.

CLEAR THE HEAVENS AND FAREWELL

May all your plans reach fruition When time to leave arrives, let us part with the words of the Manusamoa-- Your blessings and my blessings. In peace we part; in peace also we meet again over the next fifty years.

Good Health and Long Life.

*TAEAO is a turning point in history when chiefs or the supernatural perform miracles or stage or win wars.

 

UNIVERSITY AND COLLEAGUES HONOR BARBARA SMITH

The last weekend in February belonged to ethnomusicologist Barbara Smith as students, faculty, and administrators from UH Manoa and beyond gathered to pay tribute to Smith for contributions to ethnomusicology and the university for over 50 years. Officially retired from the Music Department in 1982, she continues to lecture, serve on thesis committees, take part in conferences, and work with students, among other things. This past year she was instrumental in the publication of The Queen’s Songbook, a beautifully produced collection of the songs of Queen Lili'uokalani. Hui Hanai, the publisher of the book, was awarded the Hawai‘i Visitors & Convention Bureau’s 2000 Kahili Award for Literary Arts.

A graduate of Eastman School of Music in New York, Smith joined UH's newly established music department to teach piano and music theory in 1949. Once in Hawai'i, however, she was introduced to Hawaiian music and became immersed in the rich musical heritages of Asia and other parts of the Pacific. She introduced ethnic music performance classes into the music department curriculum, starting with Hawaiian chant and Japanese ‘koto,’ and ethnomusicology at UH was born. Although she may be known in Pacific studies primarily for her work and interest in Micronesian and Polynesian music, a list of the performers and papers at the concert and conference given in her honor on 25-26 February showed the extraordinary breadth of her interests and involvement as a teacher. A concert of Korean music by the Seoul Ensemble, which came from Korea for the celebration, acknowledged, "Professor Smith’s many contributions to Korean music."

Ellen Koskoff, Associate Professor of Ethnomusicology at Eastman School of Music, gave the keynote address for the conference. Victoria Holt Takamine, lecturer in Hawaiian hula and chant, offered a special ‘oli’ at the dedication of a plaque to Smith, and the University of Hawai'i Gamelan Ensemble played during the opening reception. The papers delivered on 26 February were by students and colleagues of Smith's from around the world. The dinner in honor of Smith at the Wai'alae Country Club featured dance, instrumental music, and singing from western and Hawaiian traditions.

TUTEAO TO TEACH MAORI CLASSES

Hurihia V M Tuteao will be teaching two Maori language courses, a course in Maori history and culture, and a course in contemporary Maori issues this summer as part of the UH Outreach Summer Session. The Maori language courses (IP 101 and IP 102) are under the Department of Hawaiian and Indo-Pacific Languages, and the history and contemporary issues classes (PACS 492 and PACS 492) are under the Center for Pacific Islands Studies. The courses are tuition free and require only a term and administrative fee. Funding is being provided by the Center for Pacific Islands Studies’ grant as a National Resource Center, US Department of Education. Ms Claudia Matahiki will assist in the teaching of the classes.

Tuteao has an MA with First Class Honors in Education from the University of Auckland. She has taught Maori and is currently a researcher with the New Zealand Council for Educational Research in Wellington. She has lectured at Windward Community College summer session and is interested in issues of indigenous education. We are very happy to have her as our inaugural lecturer in Maori.

CPIS AWARDED FLAS FELLOWSHIPS

The Center for Pacific Islands Studies has been awarded Foreign Language Area Studies (FLAS) fellowships for a three-year period beginning in fall of 2000. The award comes from the US Department of Education. Applicants must be US citizens, nationals, or permanent residents; full-time graduate students; and enrolled in a program that combines area studies and foreign language training in Samoan or Tahitian. The fellowship package includes $11,000 plus tuition. The deadline for applications for academic year 2000-2001 was 10 April. After January 2001, application forms will be available at the Center for Pacific Islands Studies, at the address on the masthead, for academic year 2001-2002.

CPIS DEVELOPS INTERACTIVE COURSE WITH USP AND UNIVERSITY OF CANTERBURY

Moving Cultures: Entanglements and Trans-formations in Asia Pacific (PACS 492/ASAN 491Z) is a new interactive, multi-sited course jointly developed by faculty at the University of the South Pacific in Fiji, Canterbury University in Aotearoa/New Zealand, and the University of Hawai‘i. Scheduled for UH’s fall semester 2000, the course will be taught simultaneously on the Laucala and Manoa campuses, with Canterbury University joining in for part of the semester. The course will use internet and video conferencing technologies as well as faculty exchanges to facilitate the sharing of information and ideas between participants on the three campuses.

The course will challenge students to think critically about how capital, people, and ideas flow across geopolitical borders, creating new linkages between nations and regions as well as new sites of cultural production. In this interdisciplinary course, students will explore historical connections between societies and peoples in Asia and the Pacific, and examine the ways that local and global processes are being negotiated in Hawai‘i, Fiji, and Aotearoa.

On the Manoa campus, the course will be coordinated by Terence Wesley-Smith and team taught by Jon Goss, Vilsoni Hereniko, and Mimi Sharma. The USP teaching team includes Robert Nicole, Steve Ratuvu, and Vijay Naidu. Professor Peter Hempenstall will coordinate Canterbury’s involvement. The course is part of a Ford Foundation-funded project in UH’'s School of Hawaiian, Asian & Pacific Studies.

NEWS IN BRIEF

New Scholarship Opportunities for Pacific Islanders

US Congressman Eni Faleomavaega, from American Samoa, announced today that the Gates Millennium Scholars Program is now accepting nominations from students of African-American, American Indian/Alaska Native, Asian or Pacific Islander American, or Hispanic background for financial assistance for the academic year 2000-2001. Each applicant must be nominated. Nominators can be a teacher, principal, professor, dean, program director, or others who could serve as mentors. Funded under a generous grant from the Melinda Gates Foundation, the program plans to award up to 4,000 scholarships the first year and 1,000 per year each year thereafter.

The deadline for 2000-2001 scholarships was 15 March. Copies of nomination materials are available at Congressman Faleomavaega’s office and from Gates Millennium Scholars, P.O. Box 10500, Fairfax, Virginia 22031. Telephone toll-free: 1-877-690-4677. The website is http://www.gmsp.org/

Janet Bell Pacific Research Prize

Two $100 awards for papers written on the Pacific Islands area are offered each year by the University of Hawai‘i Library in cooperation with the University of Hawai‘i Foundation. One prize is given to a graduate student and one to an undergraduate student. Any student currently enrolled at the University of Hawai‘i at Manoa may submit a paper, and any original research on the Hawai‘ian and/or the Pacific Islands may be submitted with the exception of graduate theses and dissertations in synopsis or completed form, and published materials. The deadline for submission of papers is Thursday, 27 April, at the Hawaiian and Pacific Collections, 5th floor, Hamilton Library before 5:00 p.m.

Papers will be judged by an anonymous committee of Pacific experts, and the prizes will be awarded in summer 2000. Full details of competition rules and form of entry are available at the Hawaiian and Pacific Collections Reference Desk, 5th floor, Hamilton Library.

Heyum Scholarship for 2000-2001

The Heyum Endowment Fund was established by the late R Renee Heyum, former Curator of the Pacific Collection, Hamilton Library, to help Pacific Islanders receive education and/or training in Hawai‘i. Qualified individuals are invited to apply for a scholarship in the amount of $3000 for the 2000-2001 academic year.

Applicants must be indigenous to the islands of Melanesia, Micronesia, or Polynesia and enrolled for academic credit at a campus of the University of Hawai‘i. Pacific Islands students enrolled in non-credit education and/or training programs may also be considered for assistance. Applicants must submit a statement describing academic interests and plan of study for the 2000-2001 year, relevant transcripts of academic work, and three letters of recommendation. Applications are due on 28 April and should be addressed to Graduate Chair, Center for Pacific Islands Studies, at the address on the masthead.

PACIFIC STUDIES MAJOR AT VICTORIA UNIVERSITY OF WELLINGTON

Victoria University of Wellington has become the first New Zealand university to introduce a full academic major in Pacific Studies in an undergraduate degree. Teresia Teaiwa, newly appointed Lecturer in Pacific Studies at Victoria University will teach the core papers for the major. The core papers are The Pacific Heritage, Changing Environments, and Framing the Pacific: Theorizing Culture and Society. In addition students must take at least one Pacific language paper and papers in a choice of other topics including anthropology, education, Maori studies, Pacific art, Pacific history, law, music, Samoan studies, and women’s studies.

Teaiwa has done academic work at Trinity College in Washington, D.C. and at the University of Hawai‘i at Manoa and is completing her doctoral degree at University of California, Santa Cruz. She also taught in the History and Politics Department at University of the South Pacific in Fiji. According to Teaiwa, the new major will help build respect for the diversity, fluidity, and complexity of the Pacific Islands environment and peoples. It will also help students develop and enhance an individual sense of their place within the region.

CENTER VISITORS

On 8 February, Mr. Allen P. Stayman, Special Negotiator, Office of Compact Negotiations, U.S. Department of State, visited to discuss the ongoing negotiations between the United States and the Federated States of Micronesia and the Republic of the Marshall Islands. Stayman had long experience with the Department of Interior, and was director of its Office of Insular Affairs before moving to his present position in the Department of State. Stayman was accompanied by Mr. Rick Ruebensaal, career foreign service officer, and Dr. John Fairlamb, a retired military officer, now with the Office of Compact Negotiations.

Francis X Hezel, SJ, head of the Micronesian Seminar in Pohnpei, and Jojo Peter (MA 1994), College of Micronesia--Chuuk Campus, visited the center during the week of 7-11 February. They were in Honolulu to take part in a workshop sponsored by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Workshop participants were looking at the feasibility of a substance abuse and mental health research project in the Federated States of Micronesia.

On 14 February, Dr. Peter Falion, Regional Director, Oceania and Caribbean, Academic Studies Abroad, School for International Training (SIT), Brattleboro, Vermont, visited to discuss cooperative relations with CPIS and SIT’s programs in the Pacific region. For several years, CPIS has been assisting with SIT’s program in Samoa and Fiji, and other initiatives are under consideration.

On 24 February, Mr. Yoshitaka Ota, Japanese graduate student pursing a Ph.D. in anthropology, University College, London, stopped enroute to Palau where he plans to conduct research on the Modekngei religion that developed largely in response to colonial rule. During his visit to the Manoa campus, Ota worked in the Pacific Collection and discussed his work with, Drs Kiste, Peacock, and Wesley-Smith.

On 6 March, Dr Diane Watson, US Ambassador to the Federated States of Micronesia, Ms. Ann Wright, Deputy Chief of Mission, and Ms. Loni Hancock, US Department of Education Secretary's Regional Representative, Region IX, were in Honolulu for various consultations. Ambassador Watson is a long-time friend of CPIS faculty member Dr Faye Untalan, School of Public Health, and she and Dr Kiste hosted a dinner for the visiting team.

On 14 March, Mr. Ako Miyajima, Director, Oceania Division, European and Oceanian Affairs Bureau, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Japan, and Mr. Koichi Shiota, Vice Consul, Consulate-General of Japan, Honolulu, visited CPIS for discussions with Dr. Wesley-Smith regarding an April meeting in Tokyo between Japan and the Pacific Islands Forum nations. Mr. Miyajima also attended a special meeting of the Standing Committee, Pacific Islands Development Program, East-West Center.

On 7 March, Ms Keiko Ono, doctoral student, Department of Architecture, Planning and Allied Arts, University of Sydney, visited CPIS and the Pacific Collection for her research on urbanization in Micronesia during the Japanese colonial era. Ms Ono’s advisor at the University of Sydney is Dr. John P. Lea, coauthor with Dr. John Connell of Island Towns: Managing Urbanization in Micronesia, CPIS Occasional Paper 42, 1999.

OCCASIONAL SEMINARS AND READINGS

Lyndon Ormond-Parker, Foundation for Aboriginal and Islander Research Action, in Brisbane, Australia, gave a talk on 11 January on "Cultural and Intellectual Property in an Era of Globalization." Ormond-Parker has been in London for the past three years, documenting and cataloguing Aboriginal ancestral remains held by British and European institutions and assisting communities with repatriation issues.

On 18 January, Al Hulsen and Scott Kroeker, managing editor and webmaster respectively of pacific islands report (PIR), gave a talk on "Asia Pacific Community Building through the WEB." They discussed the genesis and day-to-day maintenance of the PIR website (http://pidp.ewc.hawaii.edu/PIReport/), the world’s major source of news about the Pacific Islands. The site receives over 1,000 "hits" a day, and Hulsen and Kroeker add 20 new news stories every day.

On 20 January, Dr. Jon Jonassen, former High Commissioner for the Cook Islands to New Zealand, Australia, Fiji, and Papua New Guinea and head of the Pacific Islands Studies program at Brigham Young University--Hawai‘i Campus, and Dr Terence Wesley-Smith, political scientist and graduate chair, CPIS, gave a joint talk on "Ta’imoana: First Meeting of the Conference of the Pacific Community." Both were observers at the meeting in Tahiti.

On 29 January, Sia Figiel, fast-rising Samoan novelist and performance poet, read to an overflow audience from her latest novel, "They Who Do Not Grieve." Figiel signed copies of her book and visited with the audience following her reading in the Korean Studies Center.

Verena Keck, anthropologist and lecturer at the Institute of Ethnology, University of Basel, Switzerland, gave a talk on "The Search for a Cause: Neurodegenerative Diseases in Guam" on 3 February. Keck, who spent three months at the Center for Pacific Islands Studies in order to do further work on this topic in the Pacific Collection, was part of a research team with neuroscientists in Guam. They looked at lytico and bodig, diseases of Chamorro people of the Mariana Islands. The diseases are similar to ALS, Alzheime’s, and Parkinson’s disease. Keck presented Chamorros’ perceptions of the diseases and the state of current theorizing about the diseases.

On 16 February, Jean Barman, historian at the University of British Columbia, gave a seminar, "Hawaiians on a Distant Shore: The Nineteenth-Century Diaspora to the Pacific Northwest." She talked about the immigrants’ and their descendants' strong continuing identification with Hawai‘i and Hawaiian culture. She also talked about differences in the way immigrants were treated in the United States and Canada.

On 18 February, Dieter Mueller-Dombois, UHM Department of Biology Professor Emeritus, gave a talk on "PABITRA: A New Conservation Biology Initiative." The Pacific-Asia Biodiversity Transect (PABITRA) is a collaborative program for investigating the function of biodiversity and the health of ecosystems in the Pacific Islands.

FACULTY ACTIVITIES

The Samoan Language and Culture Program faculty will present papers at the FAGASA conference at the National University of Samoa at Papaigalagala, 11-13 April. FAGASA (Faalapotopotoga le Aoaoina o le Gagana Samoa I Aotearoa) is New Zealand’s national organization for teaching the Samoan language. The organization has worked to promote the inclusion of the Samoan language within the national curriculum of New Zealand for the past two decades. It sponsors an annual Samoan Language Conference, with participants from California, American Samoa, Hawai‘i, and New Zealand. Faculty from UHM who are presenting papers include Aumua Mataitusi, Faafetai Lesa, Luafata Simanu-Klutz, Fepuleai Vita Tanielu, and John Mayer.

At the conclusion of the First International Samoan Language Conference held in Pago Pago in August 1999, a planning committee was constituted to establish a permanent International Samoan Language Commission. The commission is envisioned as an advisory body that would deal with issues concerning the promotion and maintenance of the Samoan language throughout the world. Luafata Simanu Klutz, an MA student in Pacific Islands studies, and John Mayer are the Hawai'i representatives on the committee. It will meet in Apia 10-11 April.

David Chappell in the History Department will be traveling this summer. He will be doing research in New Caledonia en route to give a talk, "Resurrecting the Foulards Rouges: How Old Is History?" at the Pacific History Association meeting in Canberra in June. He will also be attending world and maritime history conferences in Europe in late July and early August. At the latter he will give a paper titled "Non-Western Seamen in European Vessels of Exploration and Commerce." His article "The Forgotten Mau: Anti-Navy Protest in American Samoa, 1920-1935" will appear in the May 2000 issue of Pacific Historical Review.

An article on archaeologist Barry Rolett’s recent research in the Taiwan Strait has appeared in the Times Higher Education Supplement in the United Kingdom. The article described a study that was published in the March 2000 issue of Antiquity. According to the Times article, Rolett and his colleagues made an X-ray fluorescence and petrographic analysis of adzes recovered from three separate Taiwanese settlements that dated from as far back as 4500 years ago. Trace elements in the volcanic basalt that the tools were made from matched rock found on islands in the Peng-hu archipelago 45 km away. The tools are found all over Taiwan, where there are no suitable quarries for the rock. Rolett believes this shows regular trading across the stretch of sea that separates the volcanic islands from Taiwan. According to him it may mark the beginning of an Austronesian open-sea voyaging tradition that carried Lapita peoples and their Polynesian descendants to the farthest reaches of the Pacific.

Davianna McGregor, in the Ethnic Studies Program, is on sabbatical as a Visiting Scholar with the Smithsonian Asian Pacific American Studies Program. Her activities there will include finishing a manuscript that documents continuity in Native Hawaiian practices from annexation in 1898 through statehood in 1959. She will also examine how the Wilkes Expedition, which collected ethnological, botanical, and marine artifacts in Hawai'i from September 1840 through April 1841 may have influenced US policy toward Native Hawaiians. Her third project is to lay the groundwork for an exhibit on Kaho‘olawe/Kanaloa to introduce Hawaiian cultural beliefs, customs, and practices to the National Mall. It will demonstrate how Native Hawaiian responsibilities for the stewardship over the land resonate with the stewardship assumed by other native peoples in the United States.

Several CPIS faculty were traveling during the first part of the year. Terence Wesley-Smith went to the Philippines and Palau as part of the Ford-funded Moving Cultures Project, and he and Geoff White participated in the Native Pacific Cultural Studies on the Edge conference at the University of California, Santa Cruz. Robert C. Kiste lectured on a Smithsonian Institution cruise in French Polynesia.

STUDENTS AND ALUMNI

High Chief Afioga Pulefa’asisina Palauni "Brownie" Mariota Tuiasosopo (MA 1994) gave a lecture on "The Role of Music in the History of Samoa" for the MUS 478 (Music of Polynesia) class on Tuesday, 21 March 21. He was assisted (musically!) by his niece, Salilo Julia Levi Fo'ifua, and his son Kuki Motumotu Tuiasosopo, a student in the MA Ethnomusicology program and director of the UH Samoan Ensemble.

Palauni also addressed the SAM 422 Samoan Ceremonial Speech course about the latest developments in the Samoan Program at the American Samoan Community College. He covered topics such as Samoan language, Samoan oratory, Samoan music, Samoan-Pacific studies, Samoan ancient history, and oral traditions. Also, he put in some encouraging words for the Samoan students at UH, for those studying Samoan oratory and language as well as other topics. The instructor for SAM 422 is Aumua Mataitusi.

Alumna Michelle Kamakanoenoe (Nelson) Tupou (MA 1999) was the featured speaker for "Pacific Island Film," a lecture at Kapi’olani Community College on 21 March. Her talk looked at indigenous films from New Zealand and Australia and film as a way of sharing Pacific Islands oral traditions. Tupou will be teaching Pacific Island film classes at several UH Community Colleges and UH Hilo this summer. For dates and times see the website at http://citizens.nettaxi.com/pifilm

Alumna Diane Aoki (MA 1993), a playwright (and teacher at Fern Elementary School) who grew up on Guam, had a play produced by Honolulu Theatre for Youth in March. "The Taotaomonas and the Two Sisters" was based on a Chamorro tale from Guam. It portrayed the adventures of, and the relationship between, two sisters, one of whom respects the traditions of the ‘Taotaomona’ spirits, and one who scoffs at them.

Playwrighting talent seems to run in the Aoki family; her daughter Danse, at age 16, has had three plays produced by Honolulu Theatre for Youth. Aoki’s play was part of a presentation titled "Mixed Plate Special: Stories That Feed Us," which also featured plays based on stories from Japan, Korea, and Hawai‘i.

Congratulations to Kevin J Castro, a new liberal studies graduate. Kevin graduated from UHM with a "major equivalent" in Pacific Islands studies. The Liberal Studies Program allows qualified undergraduates to devise a baccalaureate degree program tailored to their individual interests.

PUBLICATIONS AND VIDEOS

UH Press Publications

Art and Performance in Oceania, edited by Barry Craig, Bernie Kernot, and Christopher Anderson, is a collection of twenty-four papers that were presented at the Fifth International Symposium of the Pacific Arts Association, titled "Art, Performance, and Society." Conference sessions included production and performance, social and cultural context, the record and the remainder, and the mission of museums. ISBN 0-8248-2283-8, cloth, $48.

Weavers of Song: Polynesian Music and Dance, by Mervyn McLean, is divided into two books. Book one covers regional music and dance, exploring in detail the musical traditions of twenty specific areas. Book two, "Comparisons of Traditional Music and Dance" describes the musical instruments, and the uses, performance, composition, teaching, and structure of music across the entire region. A CD sampler accompanies the book. McLean is former head of the Archive of Maori and Pacific Music at the University of Auckland. ISBN 0-8248-2271-4, $42.

Nature, Culture, and History: The "Knowing" of Oceania, by K R Howe, contains the revised and extended versions of three lectures that were given by Massey University, New Zealand, historian K R Howe at the Macmillan Brown Centre for Pacific Studies at the University of Canterbury, New Zealand, in 1997. The author looks at "how island worlds have been variously reconstituted to reflect Western cultural expectations," "how culture has been variously interpreted in relationship to nature" and how Westerners’ construction of the history of the Pacific similarly reflects Western expectations. ISBN 0-8248-2329-X, paper, 120 pages, $17.95.

UH Press books can be ordered through the Orders Department, University of Hawai'i Press, 2840 Kolowalu Street, Honolulu, HI 96822-1888.

Other Publications

En pays kanak: Ethnologie, linguistique, histoire, archeologie de la Nouvelle-Caledonie, edited by Alban Bensa and Isabelle Leblic, contains fourteen chapters on a range of topics spanning the distant past to the present in New Caledonia. ISBN 2-7351-0864-3, 145 F. Published by Mission Du Patrimoine Ethnologique, 65, rue de Richelieu, 75002 Paris, France; Fax: 33-1-40-15-87-33.

Queen Salote of Tonga: The Story of an Era 1900-1965, by University of Melbourne historian Elizabeth Wood-Ellem, has been published by Auckland University Press. ISBN 1-86940-205-7. Available from AUP, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand. Email: aup@auckland.ac.nz. NZ$62.18. Available in Tonga at the Friendly Islands Bookshop for T$50.

Sweet Horizons, by Ian MacNeill, is a history of the Solomon Islands, beginning with the first human settlement of the region and ending with the ethnic tensions of 1999. The book combines auto-biography, travel writing, and fiction as well as traditional historical narrative. MacNeill is an author and playwright. Available from Acland Press, PO Box 2292, St Kilda West 3182, Australia; email: acland@netlink.com.au; A$24.95.

Bibliographies

Tonga, by Martin Daly, is a new annotated bibliography containing over 400 entries to the most significant writing on all aspects of the island group. It includes a list of 54 PhD theses. World Bibliographical Series 217, ABC-CLIO. Distributed by Plymbridge Distributors, Estover Road, Plymouth PL6 7PZ, England; email: orders@plymbridge.com. Price: 38 pounds.

Two bibliographies are new from Papua New Guinea: Bibliography of Morobe Province, compiled by Sam Kaima and Biama Kanasa, first edition, 281 pages, and Bibliography of Madang Province, compiled by Sam Kaima and August Kituai, first edition, 255 pages. Sam Kaima is a 1989 MA graduate of the Center for Pacific Islands Studies. The bibliographies are 50 kina each and are available from Sam Kaima, University of Papua New Guinea, P.O. Box 320, University NCD, Papua New Guinea; email: istkaima@upng.ac.pg.

OZBIB: A Linguistic Bibliography of Aboriginal Australia and the Torres Strait Islands, compiled by Lois Carrington and Geraldine Triffitt, includes all published works on Australian and Torres Strait Islands languages and linguistics, with the addition of relevant theses. Available from Pacific Linguistics, RSPAS, Australian National University, Canberra ACT 2000, Australia. A$38. Email: jmanley@coombs.anu.edu.au.

Journals

The Contemporary Pacific: A Journal of Island Affairs, published by the UH Center for Pacific Islands Studies and University of Hawai‘i Press, is now available online through Project Muse, http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/cp/, for those who are members of participating universities.

The Asian-Pacific Law & Policy Journal announces the publication of its inaugural edition. The journal is the first fully functional, web-based, American legal journal dedicated to East Asia, Polynesia, and Australia. The address for the journal is http://www.hawaii.edu/aplpj. The journal is a publication of the William S Richardson School of Law at the University of Hawai'i at Manoa.

Videos

Te Pito O Te Henua: Rapanui is a new video by noted New Zealand filmmaker Merata Mita. The 90-minute documentary, which was shot over a period of four years, focuses on the history and aspirations of the Rapanui people. The film features interviews with many of the Islanders on contemporary issues as well as their past and their cultural traditions. The video is available on PAL or NTSC BETA for US$98, or PAL or NTSC VHS for US$25. Contact Merata Mita at 808-293-4132 (fax).

Micronesian Seminar, a nonprofit educational organization in Pohnpei, has produced five new videos:

Living the Sweet Life: Diabetes in Micronesia, a humorous dramatization of a serious health issue in Micronesia and the lifestyle changes necessary to manage the disease. 26 minutes;

Mind Your Own Business, the misadventures of a man who, when laid off from his government position, tries to open a private business with a bank loan, 35 minutes;

The Colony, a brief historical tour of the remains of the Spanish colony in Pohnpei with Sr. Javier Galvan, 9 minutes;

It Could Be You! Sexual issues in today’s Micronesia--STDs, AIDS, and teen pregnancies--presented in dramatic form, 26 minutes;

Youth Today: How Can We Help? A documentary on youth groups and how they try to have an impact on the lives of young Micronesians, 30 minutes.

Each video is US$10. Available from Micronesian Seminar, P.O. Box 160, Pohnpei, FM 96941, Federated States of Micronesia. Website: http://www.micsem.org

CONFERENCES

Indigenous Wisdom

Indigenous Wisdom: Stewardship of Culture, Environment, Resources, a conference by the Pacific Peoples Partnership (PPP) (formerly South Pacific Peoples Foundation), will be held 5-7 May 2000 in Tsartlip First Nation Territory, Victoria, BC, Canada, at the LAU, WELNEW Tribal School. It is cosponsored by the Pacific Concerns Resource Center. For information, contact PPP at spf@sppf.org, or view their website at http://www.sppf.org

Pacific Communities 2000

Pacific Communities 2000: Perceptions and Representations hopes to provoke discussion of the region across a wide social, literary, and historical spectrum, and to engage with contemporary issues. Sponsored by the Stout Research Centre, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand, it will be held 28-30 July 2000 at the National Library of New Zealand, Wellington. For information, email Sarah Upton at Sarah.Upton@vuw.ac.nz. General registration is NZ$180; student registration is NZ$100.

Customary Land Tenure and Registration

A conference on Problems and Perspectives on Customary Land Tenure and Registration in Australia and PNG will be held at Emmanuel College, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia, 11-15 September 2000. The conveners are L Goldman and J Bradley, Department of Sociology, Anthropology, and Archaeology, University of Queensland. Themes covered in the conference are government policy, resource development, land group composition, legal frameworks, sustainable progress, roles of anthropological consultants, and policy and programming implementation. General registration is A$330; student registration is A$88. For details, email Professor Goldman at L.goldman@mailbox.uq.edu.au

Travel, Trade, and Migration in Vanuatu

Walking About: Travel, Trade, Migration, and Movement in Vanuatu--A Cross-Disciplinary Discussion, will take place 26-27 October 2000 at the Centre for Cross-Cultural Research at Australian National University. Papers are invited from a variety of disciplinary perspectives which address the theme of movement in Vanuatu--in the past and in the present. No funds will be available to support attendance at the conference, but there will be no registration fee. Please send offers of papers, with a title and a brief abstract, to the conference convener, Lissant Bolton, British Museum Department of Ethnography, 6 Burlington Gardens, London W1X 2EX, United Kingdom; email: lbolton@british-museum.ac.uk

Eros et Thanatos in the South Pacific

Eros et Thanatos in the South Pacific is the theme for the CORAIL Association Colloquium 2000, 23-25 November 2000. All offers of papers--in French or in English--should include a detailed summary of 500 words that will be transmitted to a reading committee. The deadline for proposing papers is 30 June 2000. Send proposals to Sonia Faessel, Universite de Nouvelle-Caledonie, BP 4477, 98847 Noumea Cedex, New Caledonia; email: faessel@offratel.nc

Conferences announced in previous newsletters:

Pacific History Association (PHA) Conference in 2000--Bursting Boundaries: Places, Persons, Gender, and Disciplines--will be held at the Australian National University in Canberra, 26-29 June 2000. The registration form and draft program for the conference are available on the Web at http://rspas.anu.edu.au/ccp/PHA.htm. For further information, contact Jude Shanahan at shanahan@coombs.anu.edu.au.  Registration before 31 May is $A100.

The Fifth International Conference on Easter Island and the Pacific, sponsored by Pacific 2000 and the Easter Island Foundation, will take place 7-12 August 2000 at Hawai‘i Preparatory Academy, Waimea,

Hawai‘i. For details, contact the Easter Island Foundation, P.O. Box 6774,

Los Osos, California, 93412.

Eighth Festival of Pacific Arts will take place 23 October to 3 November 2000 in New Caledonia. The Pacific Islands Institute in Kailua, Hawai‘i, is trying to coordinate a tour to the festival. To get on their mailing list for information, contact Holly Toguchi at 808-262-8942 (tel.) or email her at hiwamoto@hpu.edu

Canoes Adrift? Wealth and Poverty in the Pacific, the seventh Pacific Islands Political Studies Association conference, will be held 4-7 December 2000 at the University of the South Pacific, Suva, Fiji. Registration is F$50. Further details may be obtained from the conference convener, Dr. Sandra Tarte at Tarte_S@usp.ac.fj or from the USP website.

Building Bridges with Traditional Knowledge II: An Exploration of Issues Involving Indigenous Peoples, Conservation, Development and Ethnosciences for the New Millennium, will be held 28 May-3 June 2001 in Honolulu. Website: http://www.traditionalknowledge.com

The Tenth Pacific Science Inter-Congress will be held at the University of Guam, 1-6 June 2001. The theme is "The Integration of Natural and Social Sciences in the New Pacific Millennium." For information, contact Joyce Marie Camacho at Jcamacho@uog9.uog.edu or view the website at http://www.10psicguam.html

BULLETIN BOARD

Pacific Islanders in Communications

Pacific Islanders in Communications (PIC) announces its Media Fund 2000 for the creation of public television programs that illuminate the indigenous Pacific Islander experience. PIC is particularly interested in innovative projects that bring untold stories to a broad American audience. Programs should deepen perspectives on the issues contemporary Pacific Islanders face and underscore their resonance within an increasingly diverse, global society. PIC is particularly interested in how the struggle for sovereignty and native rights is affecting indigenous communities within the Pacific and continental United States.

Funding grants for research and development range to $15,000; grants for production and completion range to $50,000. Projects of less than one hour will not be considered unless the proposal is for a series. Applicants should contact Ann Moriyasu before applying: 808-591-0059 (tel), 808-591-1114 (fax), or moriyasu@aloha.net (email). Application deadline is 31 May 2000 at 5:30 pm, HST.

Start Young Scientist Award Program

To recognize the achievements of outstanding young scientists from developing countries in Africa, Asia, and Oceania, the International START Secretariat is requesting nominations for the START Young Scientist Award Program. Award decisions will be based on a journal article published by the young scientist (preferably in English). The article should focus on some aspect of global change research that is being conducted on a regional level or has a strong regional focus. Applicants must be 40 years of age or younger. Applicants or nominators should submit the journal article and a brief biography to Amy Freise, International START secretariat, 2000 Florida Avenue, NW, Suite 200, Washington, DC 20009, USA; email: afreise@agu.org. Deadline for submission is 15 May 2000 or thereabouts.

Environment and Culture Residential Fellowship Program at UCB

The Ford Foundation Environment and Culture Residential Fellowship Program at the University of California, Berkeley, provides funding to bring activist-scholars whose work addresses the relationship between environment, culture, and resource management to the UC Berkeley campus for periods of one to four months as residential fellows. Ideal candidates are individuals with some academic training who also have substantial experience working with community or grassroots environmental organizations or in the policy arena and whose work focuses on the relationship between cultural and environmental practices. Scholars and activists from the developing world are especially encouraged to apply. For application information contact Michael Watts, Director, Institute of International Studies; email: mwatts@socrates.berkeley.edu; fax: 510-642-9493. Deadline for applications is 2 October 2000.

Tongan History Association

The Tongan History Association invites new members. The association was established in 1989 to encourage the exchange of information among individuals, institutions, and organizations interested in Tongan history, anthropology, and related disciplines and to encourage the study, discussion, writing, and publication of material on Tonga. Membership fees are $10 for waged individuals and $5 for unwaged individuals. For further information, contact the secretary/treasurer, Mrs. Meredith Filihia, at 6/20 Rosanna Road, Heidelberg 3084, Australia; email: m.filihia@connect.net.au. The website is http://sunsite.anu.edu.au/spin/PACASSOC/TONGHIST/tonghist.htm.

Diasporic Communities: Call for Submissions

Essays are being solicited for a book about diasporic politics and Pacific Islander communities in the United States. This interdisciplinary collection proposes to explore the nature of diasporic political formations and dynamics within and among Pacific Islander communities in the United States. The editors, Linda Allen and J. Kehaulani Kauanui would like to receive abstracts by 26 May 2000. Essays should be between 25 and 30 pages and are due by 1 August 2000. Kauanui can be reached, until July, at lilikoi@cats.ucsc.edu, and thereafter at Wesleyan University. Allen can be reached at Kirkwood Community College; email: lallen@kirkwood.cc.ia.us

Visual Anthropology Calls for Submissions

Jeffrey Ruoff has issued a call for submissions for a special issue of Visual Anthropology devoted to "Travelogues and Travel Films." This issue will explore the role of travel imagery in the narrative economy of the cinema while simultaneously considering how travel films construct cultural realities. Welcomed are submissions that trace connections between travelogues, leisure, and tourism; that highlight the intersection of technology and ideology in cinematic representations of cultural difference; and that consider little-studied examples of the genre. Completed materials should be submitted to Ruoff at Wright Theater, Middlebury College, Middlebury, Vermont 05753, USA; email: Jruoff@middlebury.edu. The deadline is 1 September 2000.

Request for Health Information

Marisa Urgo, Librarian at the Knowledge Center, Office of Minority Health Resource Center in Washington, D.C., is in the process of collecting books and documents on the health of Pacific Islanders. She is particularly interested in local health information, i.e., information from local health departments, information on community-based organizations and programs, and research and studies on health conditions and trends. Please contact her by email at murgo@omhrc.gov

Published quarterly by The Center for Pacific Islands Studies School of Hawaiian, Asian and Pacific Studies University of Hawai'i at Manoa 1890 East-West Road Honolulu, HI 96822 USA Phone: (808) 956-7700 Fax: (808) 956-7053 Email: ctisha@hawaii.edu  Website: http://www.hawaii.edu/cpis/ 

Robert C. Kiste, Director Letitia Hickson, Editor

Items in this newsletter may be freely reprinted. Acknowledgment of the source would be appreciated. To receive the newsletter electronically, contact the editor at the email address above. The University of Hawai‘i at Manoa is an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Institution

 

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