ANALYSIS FROM THE EAST-WEST CENTER

December 13, 2002

The following are new titles from the East-West Center and its programs. Ordering information and abstracts of the publications appear after the listing of titles.

The Demographic and Political Imperatives for Improving Crown-Maori Relations in Aotearoa-New Zealand, by Harry A. Kersey, Jr. AsiaPacific Issues, No. 64. November 2002. 8 pp. Printed hard copy available from the East-West Center for $2.50 plus shipping/handling. Free downloadable PDF file accessible at http://www.EastWestCenter.org/res-rp-publicationdetails.asp?pub_ID=1315>.

Nearly a decade has passed since the United Nations declared International Year of the World’s Indigenous People. Yet issues of social and economic marginalization, inequality, cultural survival, and change related to indigenous peoples continue to challenge the global community. In Aotearoa-New Zealand the Pakeha (Caucasian) settler population for many decades dominated the political landscape, leaving little voice for the nation’s indigenous Maori people struggling for greater rights. Today, however, the growing Maori population makes New Zealand the only First World country in which the indigenous people’s movement for self-determination is sufficiently large to promise the possibility of major societal transformations. Over the past quarter century, regardless of which political party or coalition held power, escalating Maori demographic trends and increased political activism have encouraged the Crown to address Maori concerns and grievances. Today, with one out of four children under the age of five a Maori, the government has little option but to negotiate with a growing indigenous community.

Air Pollution as a Climate Forcing: A Workshop, edited by James E. Hansen. Workshop held in Honolulu, Hawaii on April 29-May 3, 2002. Copies available from the Goddard Institute for Space Studies Library, 2880 Broadway, New York, NY 10025. The web version of this report is available at http://www.giss.nasa.gov/meetings/polution02/>.

This workshop aims to illuminate the role of air pollution as a global climate forcing and to place climate-related impacts of air pollution in the context of its other human health and environmental impacts. The scientific scope of the workshop is limited by a focus on the two significant air pollution climate forcings: (1) aerosols, and (2) the greenhouse gases controlled by air pollution, i.e., tropospheric ozone (O3) and methane (CH4).

A theme of the workshop is composition specificity, of aerosols and of the pollutant emissions affecting O3 and CH4. Knowledge of the effects of specific emissions is needed to determine the most effective strategies to reduce air pollution effects on climate, health and the environment. We ask what would be required to halt and reverse the growth of these air pollutants, what impact this would have on climate forcing and climate change, what contributions technologies can make to reducing these air pollutants, and what the air quality benefits would be for human health and the environment.

Recognizing that actions to address air pollution and their impact on climate forcings are being made now at all levels of government, in industry, and by consumers, we attempt to communicate current knowledge and uncertainties, along with the important linkages between these two global environmental problems.

Recognizing the success that was achieved in avoiding increased greenhouse climate forcing from chlorofluorocarbon substitutes, as a result of open communication, we hope that communication of information from this workshop can help achieve climate and health benefits.

Specific Objectives:

The workshop was sponsored by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the Environmental Protection Agency, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the National Science Foundation, the Goddard Space Flight Center Earth Sciences Directorate, the Hewlett Foundation, the California Air Resources Board, the California Energy Commission, the International Pacific Research Center, and the East-West Center.

Search the East-West Center website at http://www.EastWestCenter.org/res-rp-asearch.asp> for other publications by the East-West Center and its staff. To order the publications referenced above, contact the East-West Center Publication Sales Office at ewcbooks@EastWestCenter.org.

East-West Center Publication Sales Office 1601 East-West Road Honolulu, HI 96848-1601 USA Tel: (808) 944-7145 Fax: (808) 944-7376

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