ANALYSIS FROM THE EAST-WEST CENTER

JANUARY 28, 2003

The following are new titles from the East-West Center and its staff. Ordering information and abstracts of the publications appear after the listing of titles.

Coast Guards: New Forces for Regional Order and Security, by Sam Bateman. AsiaPacific Issues, No. 65. January 2003. 8 pp. Printed hard copy available for $2.50 plus shipping/handling. Free downloadable PDF file located at http://www.EastWestCenter.org/res-rp-publicationdetails.asp?pub_ID=1328>.

The 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) created new maritime law and extended maritime jurisdiction that were expected to justify naval expansion. To some extent this has been so, but another trend is also apparent. Regional navies are concentrating on war-fighting capabilities while existing coast guards are being expanded and some countries are establishing coast guards for the first time. The protection of offshore areas and resources is a central element of national security for most regional countries and an important consideration in nation building and governance. Coast Guards are emerging as important national institutions in Asia and the Pacific with the potential to make a major contribution to regional order and security. This development reflects a concern for cooperative and comprehensive security and will facilitate regional maritime cooperation and confidence building. It is a positive factor for regional order and security and may constitute a revolution in maritime strategic thinking.

People and the Environment: Approaches for Linking Household and Community Surveys to Remote Sensing and GIS, edited by Jefferson Fox, Ronald R. Rindfuss, Stephen J. Walsh, and Vinod Mishra. Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2003. 344 pp. Cloth, $83.00.

People and the Environment: Approaches for Linking Household and Community Surveys to Remote Sensing and GIS addresses a need for a comprehensive and rigorous treatment of linking across thematic domains (e.g., social, biophysical, and geographical) and across space and time scales for research and study within the context of human-environment interactions. The human dimensions research community, LULCC program, and human and landscape ecology communities are collectively viewing the landscape with a spatially-explicit perspective, where people are viewed as agents of landscape change that shape and are shaped by the landscape, and where landscape form and function are assessed with a space-time context. Current researchers and those following this early group of integrative scientists face challenges in conducting this type of research, but the potential rewards for insight are substantial.

People and the Environment will appeal to a wide range of natural, social, and spatial scientists with interest in conducting population and environment research and thereby characterizing (a) land use and land cover dynamics through remote sensing, (b) demographic and socio-economic variables through household and community surveys, and (c) local site and situation through resource endowments, geographical accessibility, and connections of people to place through GIS. Case studies are used to examine theories and practices useful in linking people and the environment. Also described are land use and land cover dynamics and the associated social, biophysical, and geographical drivers of change articulated through human-environment interactions.

Asian Security Order: Instrumental and Normative Features, edited by Muthiah Alagappa. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2003. 656 pp. Cloth, $85.00; paper, $34.95. Available online at http://www.sup.org> from University of Chicago Press Distribution Center, (800)621-2736.

More than a decade has passed since the end of the Cold War, but Asia still faces serious security challenges. These include the intractable conflicts in the Korean peninsula, across the Taiwan Strait, and over Kashmir, the danger of nuclear and missile proliferation, and the concern with the rising power of China and with American dominance. Indeed, some experts see Asia as a dangerous and unstable place. Alagappa disagrees, maintaining that Asia is a far more stable, predictable, and prosperous region that it was in the postindependence period. With very few exceptions Asian states do not fear for their survival, most disputes are managed or adjusted in a peaceful manner, and, despite setbacks, international trade, investment, and production have flourished. Alagappa argues that in fact a relatively stable security order exists in Asia.

Intended as a follow-up to Asian Security Practice (Stanford, 1998), the first part of this volume develops an analytical framework for the study of order; the salience of the different pathways to order are examined in the second part; the third investigates the management of specific security issues; and the final part discusses the nature of security order in Asia.

The Asian Development Experience: Overcoming Crises and Adjusting to Change, by Seiji F. Naya. Manila: Asian Development Bank, 2002.

The Asian Development Experience draws its inspiration from the themes, seminars, and discussions at the 34th Annual Ministerial Meeting of the Asian Development Bank held in Honolulu, Hawaii, in May 2001. It delves into such questions as: Was Asia's rapid economic growth really a miracle? Are there environmental and societal limits to growth? Can pro-poor growth policies alleviate mass poverty? Can information and communications technology bridge the digital divide? What can be done to head off financial crises? Will regional cooperation calm macroeconomic turbulence?

The author stresses that, now more than ever, Asia is a region largely integrated into the global economy. Drawing heavily from personal research and policy participation, he notes that integration has brought with it many benefits, such as rapid economic growth and openness in trade, investment, and knowledge diffusion; however, integration has also heightened the region's vulnerability to regional and international developments, such as the Asian financial crisis. He concludes that Asia's regional uniqueness provides an opportunity for cooperative endeavors to deal expeditiously with problems that are closest to their source.

Population and Environmental Challenges in Asia, by Vinod Mishra. Asia-Pacific Population & Policy, No. 63, October 2002. 4 pp. Single copies available free of charge from the East-West Center. Free downloadable PDF file located at http://www.EastWestCenter.org/res-rp-publicationdetails.asp?pub_ID=1317>.

Population growth and economic development contribute to many environmental problems in Asia. These include pressure on land, habitat destruction and loss of biodiversity, water scarcity and water pollution, air pollution, and global warming and climate change. Projections of future resource requirements and environmental stress are worrying, whether the focus is on population numbers alone or on the effects of poorly planned economic development and changing consumption patterns.

Search the East-West Center website at http://www.EastWestCenter.org/res-rp-asearch.asp> for other publications by the East-West Center and its staff. To order the publications referenced above, contact the East-West Center Publication Sales Office at ewcbooks@EastWestCenter.org.

East-West Center Publication Sales Office 1601 East-West Road Honolulu, HI 96848-1601 USA Tel: (808) 944-7145 Fax: (808) 944-7376

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