West Papuans Reject Indonesian Statement Against MSG Chairman

Vanuatu Free West Papua Association calls criticism of Sogavare a ‘lie’

By Len Garae

PORT VILA, Vanuatu (Vanuatu Daily Post, May 25, 2016) – West Papuan Leaders, through the Vanuatu Free West Papua Association in Port Vila, have rejected the Indonesian government’s statement against the Prime Minister of the Solomons, Manasseh Sogavare as a blunt lie.

Jakarta through Antara news agency said it was not true what Prime Minister Sogovare said that the Indonesian government was interested to join the Melanesian Spearhead Group for its own interests “rather than seeking to be involved in dialogue about serious human rights abuses in West Papua”.

Responding to PM Sogavare’s statement, Indonesia’s Director General for Asia Pacific and Africa, Desra Percaya, made it clear that the statement was against the principles of sovereignty and non-interference as included in the agreement for the establishment of MSG in 2007.

Percaya stressed that as the world’s third biggest democracy, Indonesia considers respect for human rights an important principle.

[PIR editor's note: On May 25, 2016 RNZI reported that in response to Jakarta's statements 'the MSG Chair's Special Envoy on West Papua, Rex Stephen Horoi, said the chair would like to remind Jakarta that one of the key overarching principles of the group is the principle of decolonisation of Melanesia. ... "This is a fundamental principle that binds the Melanesian countries and all MSG members together," he said. ... "In this principle, MSG stands for its defense and promotion of independence as the inalienable right of indigenous peoples of Melanesia."']

Meanwhile as late as on last Saturday on May 21, West Papua’s social media network sent in shocking pictures of Christian church burning in Lany Jaya Regency, Wamena, in Highlands of West Papua.

If the pictures are not examples of human rights abuses allegedly by Indonesian authorities against West Papuans to worship in their churches, then a totally new phrase has to be invented to define the burning of these places of worship.

The network says these are examples of scores of human rights abuses that continue unabated in West Papua despite an international assurance by Indonesia’s President, Joko Widodo, that the situation on the ground in West Papua was improving.

In the latest development, a new sense of urgency is blowing in the wind with an increasing international pressure for West Papua to be debated by the United Nations, while the spokesman of the West Papua National Liberation Army (TPNPB), Sebby Sambom and Major General Terrianus Satto have spent a week in Port Vila and are boarding a flight out of Port Vila back to their home today.

Both men had also attended the all West Papua Reconciliation Conference in Port Vila which gave birth to the United Liberation Movement of West Papua in 2014.

However this is the first time for them to return on their own.

In an exclusive interview, they described their first such visit as satisfying after holding talks with senior representatives of the Free West Papua Association, Chairman of the Malvatumauri National Council of Chiefs, Chief Seni Mao Tirsupe and the Vanuatu Christian Council.

They wish to thank all Leaders of MSG and their people for their solidarity towards ULMWP.

They leave behind the following points for the Leaders of MSG as they prepare to attend their Summit in Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea, from May 29 to June 1.

  • Indonesia cannot be a part of MSG. Geographically speaking, Indonesians are a different race and do not understand and feel what it means to be Melanesian.
  • Call on Fiji and PNG politicians not to be swayed by [alleged] bribery.
  • Stop Nick Meset and Albert Yoku from entering MSG member countries as they are [allegedly] paid by Jakarta as tools to lobby in favour of Indonesia. They are now in Fiji in the lead up to the MSG Leaders meeting in Port Moresby.
  • West Papuans are dying, Melanesian Governments are urged to act now to help. After 54 years of suffering, West Papuans beg to be freed to enjoy their God-given freedom the way other Melanesian countries enjoy theirs.
  • We plead for UN intervention as soon as possible as its former leaders were partly responsible for the very start of our suffering by recognizing Indonesia’s so called ‘act of free choice’ in 1961.
  • We call on MSG to provide full membership of West Papua to its sub regional organisation because we are part of Melanesia through the Melanesian race.
  • May God work through our Melanesian Leaders to grant West Papua full membership to MSG. Approximately 500,000 West Papua Melanesians have died for the same freedom that you our wantoks are enjoying, perhaps without realizing that for us West Papuans, it is the most valuable commodity that now our young people are dying for.

Meanwhile, yesterday the Jakarta Post, Indonesia’s daily English language newspaper reported that to resolve human rights cases in Papua, the biggest challenge for the government comes from the police and military, activists say, citing that both institutions are alleged to have been involved as perpetrators.

“It has been a major problem for us, because the state — especially the police and the military — is [allegedly] involved in those cases,” said Feri Kusuma, the impunity monitoring division head of the Commission for Missing Persons and Victims of Violence ( Kontras), on Monday.

According to a report released by Komnas HAM (The National Commission on Human Rights- an independent institution in Indonesia) in March, rampant human rights violations occurred in Papua during the first year of President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo’s administration, which started in 2014, including the arrest, torture and murder of at least 700 civilians, Jakarta Post reported.

Cited cases include shootings in Yahukimo, Dogiyai, Tolikara and Timika regency, the newspaper said.

It further reported that Coordinating Political, Legal and Security Affairs Minister Luhut Pandjaitan recently said that the government would resolve 12 human rights cases in Papua by the end of this year, cooperating with both the National Police and the National Commission on Human Rights (Komnas HAM).

Feri, however, told the Jakarta Post that the government are likely to face serious problems, internally, because many people from the police and the military now serve as government officials. “People [from those institutions] have considerable authority. This is our biggest challenge,” he added.

Vanuatu Daily Post
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Indonesian claims over the lawful integration of West Papua into the Republic of Indonesia is actually based on historical fraud and lies, is hollow and will not stand the test of a legal challenge should the matter be raised in a competent court adjudicating on matters of international law. The claims by the Indonesian Republic need to be exposed, and Papua New Guineans must know the true pre-colonial and colonial history of West Papua to effectively participate in a peaceful campaign to free West Papua of continued Indonesian colonial rule. The independence of West Papua is in Melanesia's and the Pacific's regional interest. A stable and extended Melanesian homeland on the island of New Guinea will enrich greater economic cooperation between Pacific states, increased socio-cultural integration and a long-term solution to guaranteeing the national security in the region. To arrive at the ultimate objective of West Papuan independence, knowledge about the lies and fraudulent history of Indonesian claims of West Papua is important. This will enable the Pacific region to take a bold stand against the oppressive Indonesian military and successfully push to have West Papuans properly and legally exercise their long-overdue right to self-determination – what was denied them generations earlier. The facts that the Indonesian Government cannot deny are as follows; 1 – West Papua is MELANESIAN, NOT INDONESIAN OR ASIAN West Papua was never part of the Muslim or Hindu Empires that existed prior to the creation of the Dutch East Indies by the Kingdom of Holland in the 16th century. So West Papua does not have any part in the shared Indonesian pre-colonial history.The national myths that justify the existence of the Indonesian State do not apply to West Papua. West Papua is wholly comprised of Melanesian peoples and inhabited by peoples practicing Melanesian cultures and social organizations. West Papua is distinctive from the rest of Asiatic Indonesia with a documented existence separate from the rest of the other cultures in the Indonesian archipelago. 2 – West Papua (what was Dutch New Guinea) was separately administered from the Dutch East Indies possessions West Papua was never part of the Dutch East Indies that was created by the Kingdom of Holland in the 16th century. The Dutch had control mainly over the two Muslim and one Hindu Empires that existed in the area now comprising the Republic of Indonesia. West Papua became a colony of the Kingdom of Holland 200 years later in the 18th century as Dutch New Guinea. West Papua therefore did not have a shared colonial history with the Republic of Indonesia. 3 – West Papua was NEVER part of the post-colonial Indonesian State During the nascent decades in the global march towards decolonization, Indonesia was one of the first countries in the post-WWII international system to gain independence from its colonial masters. Indeed, Indonesia fought for and won a war of Independence from the Kingdom of Holland in 1949. The fact is: West Papua was not part of that war for liberation and was not part of the Republic of Indonesia at the time of its Independence in 1949. West Papua did not share the same decolonization history with Indonesia. The Republic of Indonesia was and is a separate entity from the West Papuan “nation”. 4 – West Papua was a NATIONprior to the illegal annexation by Indonesia in 1962 West Papua was being prepared by the Kingdom of Holland for political Independence in the early 1960s, whilst decades earlier the Indonesian Republic was given its independence by the Kingdom of Holland in 1949. When Indonesia invaded West Papua in 1962, West Papua had a Constituent Assembly, a coat of arms, national anthem and all the character of an entity moving towards independence.Indeed, on December 1, 1961, the Morning Star (West Papuan flag) was raised for the first time, and all the trappings of a West Papuan nation were demonstrated to the “community of nations”. However, in 1962, the Indonesian military invaded and annexed the predominantly Melanesian-peopled West Papuan nation. This illegal act is well-documented and is the subject of growing demands for the revisitation of the role of all parties involved in this scandal. Under the expansionist policy of the military leaders of the Indonesian Republic, West Papua was illegally acquired. There is no moral legitimacy of the Indonesian Republic over West Papua and the heavy-handed and the institutionalized suppression of the human rights of West Papuans is a way of covering up Indonesia’s illegitimate claims. Why would the Indonesian military kill, torture, rape, and suppress peoples who raise the Morning Star or suppress any form of West Papuan nationalism? It is simply out of Indonesian insecurity. The Indonesian Republic’s claims over West Papua are built on decades of lies, fraud and undemocratic practices. If thoroughly exposed, the Indonesian Republic does not have any basis for its on-going claims over West Papua. 5 – The 1969 Undemocratic and Illegitimate “Act of NO Choice” In 1969 only 1026 Papuans from a population of 1.2 million people were selected by Indonesia as the occupying power to decide the fate of the whole of the Papuan people. This referendum exercise does not meet any standard or requirement of international law on the right to self-determination as it exist then and as it exist now. Indeed, the vote in the so-called 1969 “Act of Free Choice” by the 1026 Papuans was NOT free and fair and was never representative of the nation of West Papua. Under duress and threats from the Indonesian military, the select Papuan leaders made a decision that has created long-lasting impacts to this day. According to one of the leaders who participated in this sham “Act of Free Choice”, the 1026 Papuan leaders were intimidated and warned prior to casting their votes in favor of integration into the existing Indonesian State. A Papuan leader who participated in the vote revealed years later howthe leaders were treated prior to the votes being cast. An Indonesian army officer, with a gun pointed to the heads of the Papuan leaders warned: “You have to choose Indonesia not Papua. If you don’t choose Indonesia, then I will kill you, all of you”. The result of the referendum was an overwhelming “in favor” vote to be integrated into the Indonesian Republic. This “Act of Free Choice” was a sham and a total disregard of the democratic principles that is accorded to all civilized nations. Based on this fraudulent process, also legitimated by the United Nations, the fate of the West Papuan people was placed in the hands of a brutal and oppressive entity – the Indonesian State. 6 – A Genocidal Colonial Rule In 1962 when the Indonesian army invaded West Papua, West Papua had a population of 1.2 million while the territory of Papua and New Guinea then had a combined population of 2million. Fifty years later, Papua and New Guinea becoming Papua New Guinea has a population of 7.5 million while West Papuans after 50 years has only managed to increase only to 500,000 to merely 2 million people. It is evident that integration has not worked at all and or Indonesia has conducted a deliberate policy to keep the Papuan population very low. On any account therefore, there is no justification for the integration of West Papua into the Republic of Indonesia. There is no shared pre-colonial history. There is no shared colonial history. There is no shared decolonization history and that integration has failed in that it has not resulted in much social, economic and political advancement by the Papuan people at all for the last 50 years. In fact, it has seen the deterioration of the Papua people and their future. Way forward The lies must be exposed. Indonesian claim and legitimacy will disintegrate and collapse if the fraud is exposed. In Melanesia, and all across the Pacific emphasis now is for a regional approach in taking ownership of the West Papuan issue. This should not only because of the close historical, cultural and ethnic affinity that we share with our Melanesian brothers and sisters, but also more importantly because other Pacific Islanders have the freedoms and the privilege of speaking out on matters concerning West Papua – freedoms and privileges that our brothers and sisters in West Papua do not enjoy. Citizens of self-governing Pacific countries have the opportunity to correct a half a century of lies, fraud and undemocratic practices.

Indonesian of asian origine should leave papua ,go back to java

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